Weight Reduction - Bariatrics
Weight loss surgeries are performed by the bariatric surgeon specialty (in some countries that do not have this specialty, it is also performed by a general surgeon). Most of the surgical procedures performed on the stomach organ are surgeries in which interventional procedures are performed. The purpose of this surgery is for individuals who cannot lose weight by changing their daily routine (sports, diet, etc.). and/or weight-based health problems (sleep apnea, obesity, etc.) to ensure that individuals lose weight in a healthy way after operations performed on the stomach. Weight loss surgeries should be performed by people whose expertise has been documented by the official institutions of the country to which they are affiliated. Gastric sleeve, gastric bypass, gastric sleeve are some of the weight loss operations. Before deciding to have this surgery, the person usually has one or more of the symptoms or complaints such as obesity, eating disorder, overweight, inability to lose weight, and overeating.
Before & After Operation
Before the operation, necessary examinations and controls are carried out by the doctor. For both epicrisis and pre-operative planning, the patient's past operations or any discomfort that may affect the operation is questioned. After weight loss operations, the patient should stay in the hospital for 1-2 days. This period is average and may increase depending on the decision of the doctor performing the surgery. Compliance with the diet given by the doctor will help the patient to have a painless and quick recovery process as much as possible. After the surgery, it is very important that the patient is followed up closely by communicating with the doctor at the periods determined by the doctor.
Subtreatments & Techniques
Gastric Bypass: Gastric bypass operation is a laparoscopic operation performed by reducing the stomach and connecting it with the small intestine. After this operation, an unused part of the stomach is formed. This part of the stomach, which is prevented from entering food, continues to perform its normal functions such as increased enzyme production during digestion. In this way, the patient begins to lose weight quickly, both by reducing the volume of the stomach that the food comes into contact with and by secreting as much enzymes as a normal stomach. General anesthesia is preferred in this surgery; However, the advantage of the laparoscopy technique is that a small number of incisions of 1 cm or less are opened and the operation takes a few hours. Due to the small incision sizes, both the recovery is quick and the post-operative process is quite painless.
Tube (sleeve gastrectomy) Stomach: This operation is also performed by laparoscopic method; however, unlike gastric bypass, most of the stomach (approximately 75%) is removed. As the advantages of this operation; Due to the low risk of complications and laparoscopic surgery, a very fast and painless recovery process can be shown. Since the stomach volume is reduced, the person undergoing the surgery gets full very quickly and weight loss occurs quickly.
Gastric Balloon: Unlike other operations, it is a non-invasive operation. With the endoscopy method, a flexible balloon is placed in the stomach of the patient and large enough to not pass through the intestine. By creating a feeling of satiety in the patient, it causes the patient to consume less food. In this way, the patient loses weight. As the advantages of this operation; General anesthesia is not needed, it is not invasive (no incision is made in the body), it can be done in a short time (less than 1 hour), the patient is discharged on the same day, and it is quite affordable.
- Morbidly obese individuals with a high body mass index (40 and over)
- Adult individuals aged 18 and over
- Individuals who do not have a health condition that prevents any surgery
- Individuals who cannot solve the problem of excess weight by changing their daily routine (sports, diet, etc.)
-2 diabetes patients
The average time for the patient to return to his normal life is 2-3 weeks. Complete healing of surgical wounds takes approximately 4-6 weeks. It is very important for the patient to follow the diet prepared by the doctor after the surgery. In addition, it is recommended that the individual who has attained a healthy body should exercise regularly to maintain this new state. Exercise will be very effective in overcoming aesthetic problems such as regional skin sagging that may occur due to sudden weight loss.
The treatment information on this page is for informational purposes only and cannot be used for medical purposes.